risk assessment, comprehensive security, risks, internal security, vital functions of society, disruption, threat scenario, preparedness
The purpose of the national risk assessment is to anticipate relatively sudden incidents potentially targeted at Finland that call for activities deviating from the norm from authorities or even requesting help from other countries. The national risk assessment identifies risks that have a wide national impact and assesses their impact on the vital functions of society.
The preparation of the national risk assessment is based on Decision No 1313/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism. Fin-land’s first national risk assessment was prepared in 2015. The next national risk assess-ment was prepared in 2018 and then revised in 2022–2023.
Prepared in broad-based cross-sectoral cooperation, the risk assessment is linked with national preparedness and lays the foundation for preparedness in line with the Security Strategy for Society. Different branches of administration identified threat scenarios and disruptions that impact the vital functions of society at the national level. The risk assess-ment includes consistently structured verbal descriptions of these threat scenarios and disruptions.
The national risk assessment lays down the bases that define what kinds of risks different administrative branches and other parties must be prepared for.